Click on the name of a State to see its Certificate of Ascertainment. An electorate is a body of people allowed to vote in an election. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. 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For example, in the United States, presidential elections are decided through the Electoral College. The Electoral College makes it harder to steal elections because votes must be stolen in the right state in order to change the outcome of the Electoral College. The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is the federal agency responsible for coordinating activities of States and Congress regarding the Electoral College vote for President. The Electoral College uses a winner-take all system, 3. 4. Sorry, there are no recent results for popular images. Candidates spend time and money here at the expense of solidly partisan states. Explain two reasons the Electoral College has not been abolished. 3. Most states require that all electoral votes go to the candidate who receives the plurality in that state. They felt that the public had a limited grasp of the issues. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. If no candidate wins a majority of Electoral College votes—possible in an election with three or more major candidates—the House selects from the top three presidential candidates, and each state gets one vote. Today, all of the state legislatures (with the exceptions of Maine and Nebraska, which award by congressional district) award all of their state’s electoral votes to the popular vote winner in that state.This is referred to as the “winner-take-all” system. Be Nice. Attention: This post was written a few years ago and may not reflect the latest changes in the AP® program. Be Proactive. The larger the Electoral College, the more likely it will reflect the outcome of the popular vote. Remember, you are likely to encounter questions about the Electoral College on the AP® US Government exam. Explain one way in which the winner-take-all feature of the Electoral College hinders third party candidates. electoral college definition quizlet provides a comprehensive and comprehensive pathway for students to see progress after the end of each module. Electors from each state plus the District of Columbia cast votes; most states require all their electors to vote for the statewide popular vote winner. There have been many efforts to amend the Constitution and do away with the Electoral College over the years, but none of them have picked up much steam. Learn. 1. Visit the Electoral College home page The voters’ choices would be filtered through state legislatures. The Electoral College encourages candidates to campaign in ‘swing’ states where the parties … For example, in 2004, John Kerry lost to George W. Bush by over three million popular votes, but the flip of one state—Ohio—would have made Kerry president. Part (d) will require you to discuss the amendment process—the only way the Electoral College can be abolished—and how the swing states are unlikely to support decreasing their voice in presidential elections. By: Mallory Tope, These 538 electors then convene the month after the election to vote for the president. (AP Photo/John Locher, File) For a compromise that has lasted more than 200 years, the Electoral College doesn’t get a lot of love. Under the electoral college, an elected politician's vote was worth more than 400 times that of an ordinary member, while extremely low turnouts in the affiliates' section of the electoral college - just 4.7% in this year's deputy leadership election - gave disproportionate … Created by. “Each state gets a certain amount of votes based on its geographical location and population,” Shelley said. One effect is that which is mentioned above—sometimes the Electoral College flouts the will of the public. Write. Threats of harming another See the definition, listen to the word, then try to spell it correctly. The term "college" signifies the original intent that it was to be made up of "political wise men." Nominated persons, known as electors, from the states and the District of Columbia, who meet every four years in their home state or district and cast ballots to choose the president and vice president of the United States. The Electoral College is a widely known and heavily debated topic, as it essentially decides the outcomes of presidential elections. This dynamic has the additional effect of leading candidates to only spend money and campaign in swing states—states where either party’s candidate has a chance of winning the state’s popular vote. The Electoral College is unique to our democracy. The most common complaint is that whoever represents the popular will—the winner of the popular vote—should be president. Electoral vs. Popular Vote. How does the Electoral College work? When someone says, “Let’s abolish the Electoral College,” it is fair to ask, “With what would you replace it, and how would the new system affect American federalism, our two-party system, and the unity of the United States? The presidential electors who meet after the citizens vote for president and cast ballots for the president and vice president. Occasionally, the winner of the Electoral College (and thus, the presidency) actually loses the popular vote. 59. The Electoral College is a necessary system for Federalism to continue to be a staple of American Government—to ensure that the Federal Government is one of limited powers and does not overshadow each State’s sovereignty, and to ensure that political power and influence does not fall into the controlling hands of a few states. The number of each of the representatives is equal to each state’s number of representatives in the House of Representatives plus an additional two to account for the senator representation. Other years when the popular-vote winner lost were 1824, 1876, 1888 and 2000. The Electoral College was created in 1787 during the Constitutional Convention. The Electoral College was never intended to be the “perfect” system for picking the president, says George Edwards III, emeritus political science professor at Texas A&M University. Then, the candidate who received the majority of the electoral vote became president. Elector: A voter who has fulfilled the qualifications imposed by law; a constituent; a selector of a public officer; a person who has the right to cast a ballot for the approval or rejection of a political proposal or question, such as the issuance of bonds by a state or municipality to finance public works projects. For Mr.Plaa's Ap Government Class. For all House sizes greater than 654, Gore would have been elected President. (Surely, the irony would not have been lost on Bush.). We'd love to hear eyewitness Learn about the financing of presidential elections, the rules for convention delegates and the electoral college system used to elect the President of the United States. The 2016 presidential election Electoral College map. Description. Definition Political Socialization is the process in which people develop their political values, beliefs, attitudes and ideology.It is a process that is continuous, which means it happens throughout one’s life. What is the process? There are lots of criticisms of the Electoral College. the process by which the United States elects its Presidents The Founding Fathers didn’t have much faith in the voters to pick the president without some help from their leaders. ... the legislature of the United States government. Notifications from this discussion will be disabled. Safe seat – Elected office that is predictably won by one party or the other, so the success of … The electors meet at state capitols in December to cast their ballots. 8 Study Guide: The Presidency MacKenzie Hudgins Period 3 Electoral College: Definition: representatives of each state who cast the final ballots that actually elect the president. PLEASE TURN OFF YOUR CAPS LOCK. Definition of Electoral College. person will not be tolerated. Former Maine Gov. Stated simply, each state has a certain number of electors. Electoral college, the system by which the president and vice president of the United States are chosen. The Electoral College is composed of elected officials from each state. For a more in-depth look into the Electoral College and how it works, visit the National Archives. See more. With so many swing states, this is hard to predict and hard to do. But the president and vice president are not elected directly by citizens. As part of the U.S. Constitution — Article … In the U.S there are many different cultures and backgrounds, which contributes to a high variety of perspectives. 538 votes - house of representatives plus 2 senators. Start studying AP Gov Unit 4. 2. Join our newsletter to get updated when we release new learning content! Paul LePage said that without the Electoral College, white people will have less say, which is … There are few founding institutions in the United States less well-understood than the Electoral College, the somewhat mysterious body of officials … AP GOV. The Electoral College was originally created by the Founding Fathers to help uneducated citizens decide who the next president would be. Electoral college definition, a body of electors chosen by the voters in each state to elect the president and vice president of the U.S. See more. The leaders who built the framework of the US government also wanted to ensure that states with smaller populations were fairly represented in the election and expressed concerns that the common man was not well informed enough to choose an effective President. What is the Electoral College? The Electoral College is unique to our democracy. View source Also, the electoral college system does not take the margin of victory into account; whether the candidate wins a state by a large margin or a small margin, the candidate still gets the same number of electoral votes) *** Select a date to see The Electoral College outcome Electoral College votes by State The candidates Election notes* * Election notes include specific election information, such as third party candidates, faithless electors, challenges during the counting of the electoral votes in Congress, and other interesting facts. This is partly because the smaller, less populous states have a disproportionately large "vote" in the electoral college. ‘The Government's approach recognises that some communities may want to retain their existing licensing trust arrangements until a majority of the trust's electors vote in favour of competition.’ ‘Altogether, 61 electoral pilot schemes including all postal ballots, will proceed, offering 6.5 million electors new voting opportunities.’ Electoral college – Electoral system used in electing the president and vice president, in which voters vote for electors pledged to cast their ballots for particular party’s candidates. D.C. does not get a vote. 435: Definition. The Senate selects from the top two vice presidential candidates, and each senator gets one vote. Each state has two votes for its two U.S. senators and one additional vote for each member the state has in the House of Representatives. Each state elects the number of representatives to the Electoral College that is equal to its number of Senators—two from each state—plus its number of delegates in the House of Representatives. of or relating to elections. 100: Definition. The United States Electoral College is the group of presidential electors required by the Constitution to form every four years for the sole purpose of electing the president and vice president. You have permission to edit this article. This so-called "indirect election" process has been the subject of criticism and attempted reform, though proponents of it maintain that it ensures the rights of smaller states and stands as an important piece of American federalist democracy. Some states, such as Maine and Nebraska, can split votes, Shelley said. The Constitution does not require the electors to follow their state's popular vote, but many state laws do. Votes are cast by each state, using a slate of electors . racist or sexually-oriented language. Test. Don't Threaten. Samuel Tilden losing to Rutherford B. Hayes in 1876, 2. It's still used in that way today, along with the popular vote, to decide who the next president will be. The Electoral College was created by the Founding Fathers because they believed voters weren’t well-informed enough to choose the president on their own 2. Because it is unique to our political system, the AP® US Government & Politics exam is almost certain to test you on your knowledge of the Electoral College. When citizens cast their ballots for president in the popular vote, they elect a slate of electors. No—it’s not somewhere you get accepted to if you get a lot of 5’s on your AP® exams. In July 2020, the Supreme Court ruled that if the state requires its electors to vote with the popular vote of their state, it is constitutional. The other criticism is that by focusing the presidential contest on the swing states, the Electoral College deprives voters in solidly partisan states (like Republican Texas or Democratic California) from being heard. Instead, they’re chosen by “electors” through a process called the Electoral College. Arts and humanities US government and civics Political participation Electing a president. number of years until house of reps re elected split into two political parties. Please avoid obscene, vulgar, lewd, that is degrading to another person. The word electorate is especially important for those people who are not a part of it. Al Gore losing to George W. Bush in 2000, There have been a number of elections that came close to having the same mixed result. For (b), you want to discuss the concept of ‘swing states’ – parties closely divided between the states whose electoral votes are up for grabs. The presidential incumbency advantage. The Electoral College is a system put into place by our founding fathers following the American Revolution. Each state is assigned a number of votes, which corresponds with the population of the state. What is the Electoral College, again? Swing States. As mentioned, each state receives a number of electoral votes equivalent to its number of senators and representatives, for a total of 538 electoral votes. The media is allowed to ask electors how they voted in December, and they typically answer. Part (c) will require you to discuss the dominance of the two parties, Democratic and Republican, and how third parties are unlikely to get any electoral votes at all—and thus no voice in the Electoral College—unless they outperform the two larger parties. Five times in history, presidential candidates have won the popular vote but lost the Electoral College. The most populous states have the most electoral votes. The candidate who receives a majority of electoral votes (270) wins the Presidency. The majority vote winner (51 votes) is sworn in as vice president. In 2000, for example, since New Hampshire doesn’t require electors to vote for the candidate the voters chose, some pundits thought the state’s electors, pledged to Bush, might defect and vote for Gore. (Source: NARA) Regarding this process, Founding Father James Wilson said, “This subject has greatly divided the House, and will also divide people out of doors. Don't knowingly lie about anyone to. You will also want to discuss fears that a popular vote-based election would favor big cities and major population centers at the expense of rural and sparsely populated areas. Gravity. Electoral College Fast Facts. In the United States, when you turn eighteen, you may join the electorate and help choose a president. An insight into the Electoral College by abraham Moshekh An electoral college is a set of electors who are selected to elect a candidate to particular offices. 2: Definition. The Electoral College makes it harder for a candidate to steal an election. The term "Electoral College" does not actually appear in the Constitution, but instead, refers to the process of how the President is to be elected in the United States. Electoral college The FEC has no jurisdiction over the Electoral College. The electoral college was also favoured by southern states, where slaves made up a large portion of the population. Remember, the Electoral College is not as complex as it might seem at first blush. If there's a need to explain such basic concepts, it's unclear that the electorate is competent enough to choose representation. Define electoral college. If Iowa were to become more predictable in how they vote and identify with a particular party, such as how Kansas is a red state, Iowa would lose its “swing state” status, and candidates would be less likely to campaign in Iowa for the general election, said Dirk Deam, teaching professor in political science. "Insurrection is the violent uprising against the government," Jeffrey Jacobovitz says. Effects of the Electoral College The AP US Government & Politics exam will want you to know what the effects of the Electoral College are. The Constitution created this body, which consists of gatherings of state electors in each state to formally cast their ballots for a candidate for whom they have pledged to vote. each comment to let us know of abusive posts. n. A body of electors chosen to elect the president and vice president of the United States. In the case of the 2000 election, for all House sizes less than 492, the Electoral College goes to Bush. to provide voters with crucial information leading up to the 2020 election. The electoral "college" is an example. Open primaries, closed primaries, and blanket primaries. So the Electoral College was designed to balance the popular will with political leaders’ wisdom. Total Cards. Swing states such as Iowa that can reasonably be won by either the Democratic or Republican candidate are campaigned in more than states like California that typically vote Democrat. What is the Electoral College? For instance, California has a total of 55 electoral votes while Iowa has six. 4. Michigan Lt. Gov. Most state legislatures selected electors who would vote for the candidate the voters chose—but the Constitution (Article II, Section 1) does not require this. In a presidential election, each state legislature sends a slate of electors—the number of electors based on a state’s number of congressional districts plus two (for its senators) to go to Washington and elect a president. The Electoral College is an indirect system for electing the United States president using Electoral College votes. Significance: The presence of faithless electors can sway the vote to the extent that the president is no longer chosen by popular demand where the electoral college replicates public sentiment, but can cause an inaccurate representation of the way in which the people feel. 1. The Electoral College vote takes place mid-December when the electors meet in their state, meaning the popular vote is announced to voters on the night of the general election but the official presidential winner is not announced until after the Electoral College votes. electoral college a body of individuals which elect the President and Vice President of the United States. Twelfth amendment definition, an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1804, providing for election of the president and vice president by the electoral college: should there be no majority vote for one person, the House of Representatives (one vote per state) chooses the president and the Senate the vice president. The Electoral College is made up of 538 electors who cast votes to decide the President and Vice-President of the United States. The Electoral College encourages candidates to campaign in ‘swing’ states where the parties are closely matched. That's partially correct. Much like the rest of the Constitution, the Electoral College was a compromise. Not all elections are decided by popular vote. You’re probably too young to remember the 2000 presidential election, but you’ve certainly heard about it, and probably talked about it in class. Created. It is possible for a candidate to win the presidency with the electoral votes of only the ten most populous states. Counting electorial vote 1921, 2/9/21. The elections of 1800 and 1824 both resulted in ties that were resolved by Congress. AP Government Ch. Term. It was devised by the framers of the United States Constitution to provide a method of election that was feasible, desirable, and consistent with a republican form of government. The founders’ Electoral College is a unique republican mechanism. Thank you for your patience. We are gradually updating these posts and will remove this disclaimer when this post is updated. Electoral College In other U.S. elections, candidates are elected directly by popular vote. Flashcards. Section 15 of 3 U.S.C. After state election officials certify the popular vote of each state, the winning slate of electors meet in the state capital and cast two ballots—one for Vice President and one for President. The most important points to remember about it are: 1. When voters go to the polls on Tuesday, they will be choosing which candidate receives their state’s electors. Ch. The process through which the United States elects its President. One effect is that which is mentioned above—sometimes the Electoral College flouts the will of the public. Subject. electoral college synonyms, electoral college pronunciation, electoral college translation, English dictionary definition of electoral college. Explain one way in which the winner-take-all feature of the Electoral College affects how presidential candidates from the two major political parties run their campaigns. It creates presidential majorities, engenders national presidential campaigns, and maintains a robust federalism, which operates most effectively within a strong two-party system. Votes it takes to win. Use the 'Report' link on Some electors in the past have challenged those laws and voted against the popular vote. to provide voters with crucial information leading up to the 2020 election. GOVERNMENT. Grover Cleveland losing to Benjamin Harrison in 1888, 3. or anything. The Electoral College. Sorry, there are no recent results for popular videos. The Electoral College uses a winner-take all system 3. General Vocab. Now let’s take a look at a free-response question about the Electoral College. In January 1877, Congress established the Federal Electoral Commission to investigate the disputed Electoral College ballots. Email notifications are only sent once a day, and only if there are new matching items.

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