The Barents Sea was the site of a notable World War II engagement, a German surface raiding attack on a British merchant convoy, which later became known as the Battle of the Barents Sea. Barents sailed north from Amsterdam, over Scandinavia and then east to the Barents Sea, which now bears his name. To read more, visit the Barentsinfo portal. Map of the Barents Euro-Arctic Region (the map can be freely used, provided that the source is mentioned: Arctic Centre, University of Lapland). The Barents Sea lies on the edge of the Arctic Ocean, bordering the countries Norway and Russia. It is bounded by Barentsz was the leader of early expeditions to the far north, at the end of the sixteenth century. Throughout centuries of explorations, economic and national developments, wars and peace, it has developed into a region of cooperation between Finland, Sweden, Russia, Norway and the indigenous peoples. LME total area: 2,023,335 km 2. It was called the Murman Sea in the Middle Ages.The new name is from the Dutch navigator Willem Barents.It is a rather deep shelf sea. Thus, we can evaluate an interest of each country in a specific area of the Barents Sea and find regions of the most interest for each country. The Barents Sea is divided between Russia and Norway as defined by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). The phytoplankton bloom feeds zooplankton such as Calanus finmarchicus, Calanus glacialis, Calanus hyperboreus, Oithona spp., and krill. The areas can also be ranked lexicographically or by some other procedures. [7], The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the "Barentsz Sea" [sic] as follows:[8]. Unreported catches taken into account in stock assessment. As bioactive molecules and compounds from Arctic marine resources form the basis of activities for the majority of the cluster members, BioTech North serves as a marine biotech cluster. NATO has stepped up its activities in the neutral waters of the Barents Sea, raising tensions in the Arctic region. How to Play. However, with the UNDP’s growing stress on issues of planetary pressure, Norway is unlikely to make it back to the top of the list any time soon. Protection of the Barents Sea environment is a common responsibility of all border countries. What has become known as the Barents Sea conflict describes a dispute between Norway and Russia, officially started in 1974 over the delimitation of arctic sea boundaries in the Barents Sea. [12] There is a genetically distinct polar bear population associated with the Barents Sea.[13]. This sea was given its present name by Europeans in honor of Willem Barentsz, a Dutch navigator and explorer. Data are shown as monthly mean values for each year, 3 years running average values , and linear trend throughout the period. With an average depth of 230 m, it is one of the deeper shelf seas. [5] The Barents Sea is bordered by the Kola Peninsula to the south, the shelf edge towards the Norwegian Sea to the west, and the archipelagos of Svalbard to the northwest, Franz Josef Land to the northeast and Novaya Zemlya to the east. Amongst others, applications include medicines, food and feed, textiles, cosmetics and the process industry. The BEAC Foreign Minister's Sessions is the highest decision-making body in the whole Barents cooperation. The Norwegians favoured a median line, based on the Geneva Convention of 1958, whereas the Russians favoured a meridian- based sector line, based on a Soviet decision of 1926. Two people were rescued. Seventeen fishermen are feared dead after a Russian fishing trawler capsized during a storm and sank in the freezing waters of the Arctic Ocean. It was named after the Dutch Navigator Willem Barents. Charter up to 12 guests in 6 cabins (1 Master, 1 VIP, 4 Double & 2 Twin) with a crew of 8. The warmest water temperature Barents Sea now is 5.8°C/42.4°F (in Tromso), and the coldest sea surface temperature today is 4.5°C/40.1°F (in Murmansk). There are three main types of water masses in the Barents Sea: Warm, salty Atlantic water (temperature >3 °C, salinity >35) from the North Atlantic drift; cold Arctic water (temperature <0 °C, salinity <35) from the north; and warm, but not very salty, coastal water (temperature >3 °C, salinity <34.7). The sea has the area of 1,424,000 km² with a maximum depth of 600 meters. The disputed area spans 175,000 square kilometers and contains major fishing grounds as well as an estimated 30% of the World's Oil and Gas Resources - hydrocarbon reserves (Moe et. The Barents Sea borders the Norwegian and Greenland Sea in the west, the Arctic Sea in the north and the Kara Sea in the east. The two largest cities are Arkhangelsk and Murmansk in Russia, with 349 000 and 307 000 inhabitants respectively. The country’s oil production will in 2020 be the highest in a decade, and a big number of new exploration blocks in the Barents Sea are now opened for oil companies. The Barents Sea (/ˈbærənts/ BARR-ənts, also US: /ˈbɑːrənts/ BAR-ənts;[1] Norwegian: Barentshavet, Urban East Norwegian: [ˈbɑ̀ːrəntsˌhɑːvə];[2] Russian: Баренцево море, romanized: Barentsevo More) is a marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean,[3] located off the northern coasts of Norway and Russia and divided between Norwegian and Russian territorial waters. Stakeholders of BioTech North include Barents BioCentre Lab, BioStruct, Marbank, Norut, Nofima, Mabcent-SFI, University of Tromsø, Unilab, Barentzymes AS, Trofi, Scandiderma AS, Prophylix Pharma AS, Olivita, Marealis, ProCelo, Probio, Lytix Biopharma, Integorgen, d'Liver, Genøk, Cognis, Clare AS, Chitinor, Calanus AS, Biotec Betaglucans, Ayanda, ArcticZymes AS, ABC Bioscience, Akvaplanniva. Since many fishermen do not strictly follow the TACs and rules set forth by the Commission, the amount of fish being extracted annually from the Barents Sea is underestimated. Chlorophyll-A: The annual Chlorophyll a concentration (CHL) cycle has a maximum peak (1.14 mg.m-3) in October and a minimum (0.267 mg.m-3) during March. There are around The capelin is a key food for top predators such as the north-east Arctic cod, harp seals, and seabirds such as common guillemot and Brunnich's guillemot. The total quota for halibut will be 27,000 tons and for rosefish 66,158 tons which is 10,298 tons more than in 2020. The IBS has gathered information for all Barents relevant funding sources - more information below! Barents sailed north from Amsterdam, over Scandinavia and then east to the Barents Sea, which now bears his name. The spring bloom of phytoplankton can start quite early near the ice edge, because the fresh water from the melting ice makes up a stable water layer on top of the sea water. Through further research and development, some of these hits will become valuable "leads", i.e. Fishing is managed jointly by Russia and Norway in the form of the Joint Norwegian–Russian Fisheries Commission, established in 1976, in an attempt to keep track of how many fish are leaving the ecosystem due to fishing. Fishing: Barents Sea. Amongst the seas of the Arctic it is the Barents Sea which has been used most intensively by people. The Barents Sea conflict officially came to an end on 7th June 2011, the date on which the Barents Sea Treaty, signed on 15th September 2010, came into action. Oil&Gas 15 January 2021 12:00 ... IСESCO technical mission may include representatives of countries … In just one day, Russian pilots escorted three military planes, one Norwegian and two British. That's not a good sign", "Barents Sea Geology, Petroleum Resources and Commercial Potential", "Marine mammals' influence on ecosystem processes affecting fisheries in the Barents Sea is trivial", "Tor (36) nådde Svalbard på supertid, this is the link to the news summary, full video news was broadcast on 29 July in the News section, available on youtube", "Norway Makes Its Second Huge Oil Discovery In The Past Year", "The Barents Sea Cod – the last of the large cod stocks", "The History of the Joint Norwegian-Russian Fisheries Commission", "Marin bioprospektering – en kilde til ny og bærekraftig verdiskaping", "Holocene Relative Sea Level History of Novaya Zemlya, Russia and Implications for Late Weichselian Ice-Sheet Loading", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Barents_Sea&oldid=996836025, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without pushpin map, Articles using infobox body of water without image bathymetry, Articles containing Norwegian-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 21:09.